Time-resolved spectroscopic experiments were performed to investigate the kinetics and mechanisms of the photodeprotection reactions for p-methoxyphenacyl (pMP) compounds, p-methoxyphenacyl diethyl phosphate (MPEP) and diphenyl phosphate (MPPP). The experimental results reveal that compared to the previous reports for the counterpart p-hydroxyphenacyl (pHP) phosphates, the3nπ/ππ* mixed character triplet of pMP acts as a reactive precursor that leads to the subsequent solvent and leaving group dependent chemical reactions and further affects the formation of photoproducts. The MPPP triplet in H2O/CH3CN and in fluorinated alcohols shows a rapid heterolytic cleavage (τ ≈ 5.4 ns) that results in deprotection and formation of a solvolytic rearrangement product, whereas the MPPP triplet in CH3CN and the MPEP triplet in CH3CN and H2O/CH3CN and fluorinated alcohols decay on a much longer time scale (τ ≈ 100 ns) with little observation of the rearrangement product. The density functional theory (DFT) calculations reveal a substantial solvation effect that is connected with the methoxy versus hydroxyl substitution in accounting for the different deprotection reactivity of pMP and pHP compounds. The results reported here provide new insight in elucidating the solvent and leaving group dependent dual reactivity of pMP compounds on the formation of the rearrangement versus reductive photoproduct.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry