KGaA, Weinheim Following a significant number of graphene studies, other two-dimensional (2D) layered materials have attracted more and more interest for their unique structures and distinct physical properties, which has opened a window for realizing novel electronic or optoelectronic devices. Here, we present a comprehensive review on the applications of 2D-layered semiconductors as photodetectors, including photoconductors, phototransistors, and photodiodes, reported in the past five years. The device designs, mechanisms, and performances of the photodetectors are introduced and discussed systematically. Emerging techniques to improve device performances by enhancing light-matter interactions are addressed as well. Finally, we deliver a summary and outlook to provide a guideline of the future development of this rapidly growing field.
- 2D materials
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics