Photodegradation mechanism and rate improvement of chlorinated aromatic dye in non-ionic surfactant solutions

C. W. Ma, Wei Chu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


A typical insoluble chlorinated aromatic dye (CAD), disperse red (DR), was used to explore the reaction mechanism and kinetics of photodegradation in non-ionic surfactant solutions. The use of an additional hydrogen source and photosensitizer is also studied to improve the decay rates. The decay rate of dye in surfactants depends on the Kmof surfactants and their ability to offering an effective hydrogen source. The photodegradation of CAD can be divided into three stages: the initial lag stage, the fast degradation stage and the final retardation stage. The lag stage will vanish and the decay rates of dye can be greatly improved by 2.5-3.6 times after adding an additional hydrogen source (NaBH4) or photosensitizer (acetone) to the surfactant micellar solution. However, the use of an additional hydrogen source or photosensitizer has dosage limitations in such applications. The photoreduction of DR is the main reaction mechanism, in which photodechlorination is observed first with the generation of HCl as the final product, then followed by photodecolorization by breaking the azo bond of the chromophore.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2453-2459
Number of pages7
JournalWater Research
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jul 2001


  • Azo
  • Dye
  • Hydrogen source
  • Photodechlorination
  • Sensitizer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth-Surface Processes

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