Photocatalytic cement-based materials: Comparison of nitrogen oxides and toluene removal potentials and evaluation of self-cleaning performance

Jun Chen, Shi cong Kou, Chi Sun Poon

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

134 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Using cement-based building materials as a matrix for nano-photocatalysts is an important development for the large scale application of photocatalytic technologies. Air pollution mitigation and self-cleaning surface are two major applications of photocatalytic building materials. In this study, a comparison was made to evaluate the performance of TiO2modified concrete surface layers for NOxand VOC degradation. The self-cleaning performance of TiO2modified self-compacting mortars (SCM) developed for decorative applications was also evaluated. The results show that the photocatalytic conversion of toluene by the TiO2modified surface layer was not detected, although NOxcould be effectively removed under the same conditions. The presence of toluene did not influence the NOxremoval process. TiO2modified SCM were found to be effective in the discoloration of rhodamine B under UV and strong halogen light irradiation. The level of adsorption of the air contaminants onto the active sites of the cement-TiO2composite was identified to be the key factor determining the subsequent photocatalytic efficiency.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1827-1833
Number of pages7
JournalBuilding and Environment
Volume46
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2011

Keywords

  • Air pollution mitigation
  • Photocatalytic cement-based materials
  • Photocatalytic oxidation
  • Self-cleaning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction

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