Photocatalytic activities of titanium dioxide incorporated architectural mortars: Effects of weathering and activation light

Ming Zhi Guo, Anibal Maury-Ramirez, Chi Sun Poon

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

51 Citations (Scopus)


Self-cleaning and air-purifying properties obtained through photocatalytic reactions on building materials containing TiO2are functions aimed to reduce cleaning activities on buildings and alleviate air pollution. However, due to the significant effect of weathering on the removal efficiencies at outdoors and low UV-A intensity at indoors, the application of these materials has been limited. In this study, two methods of introduction of TiO2particles on building materials were carried out and their photocatalytic performances, in particular the resistance to weathering, were compared. The results showed that a novel transparent photocatalytic coating applied on the architectural mortar performed better than the TiO2intermixed samples in terms of air purifying (indicated by NOxremoval) and self-cleaning (indicated by Rhodamine b removal) properties under both UV-A and visible light (VL) irradiation conditions. Moreover, no obvious deterioration was observed on the self-cleaning and air purification ability after the application of both a simulated facade weathering process, which represents a usage period of about 20 years under Hong Kong weather conditions, and an accelerated carbonation process. Findings from this study demonstrate that the TiO2-containing paint coated self-compacting mortar shows great promise as an attractive strategy to simultaneously combat air pollution problems and reduce maintenance costs in a sustainable way.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)395-402
Number of pages8
JournalBuilding and Environment
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2015


  • Air-purifying
  • Photocatalytic NO removal x
  • Rhodamine b degradation
  • Self-cleaning
  • Self-compacting architectural mortar

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Building and Construction


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