Photo-assisted degradation of 2,4,5-trichlorophenol by Electro-Fe(II)/Oxone® process using a sacrificial iron anode: Performance optimization and reaction mechanism

Y. R. Wang, Wei Chu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


The degradation of chlorinated organic compound (2,4,5-trichlorophenol, 2,4,5-TCP) in Electro-Fe(II)/Oxone® system simultaneously exposed to UV (254. nm) irradiation (i.e., EFOU) was investigated in this study. In this oxidation process, once an electric current is applied between the anode (an iron sheet) and the cathode (a graphite bar), a predetermined amount of Oxone® is added to the reactor and UV light is simultaneously irradiated. It was found that an acidic condition is favorable to the process and over 92% removal of 0.2. mM 2,4,5-TCP in the pH range of 2.5-4.35 was rapidly obtained by the proposed EFOU process. Nevertheless, around 80% of 2,4,5-TCP was decayed at pH of 7.70 in 20. min suggesting that the proposed EFOU process is efficient even at neutral pH. Experimental results show that applied current of 1. mA results in the best performance, while the process is slightly inhibited at higher currents due to excessive generation of ferrous ions. The investigation on the mode of current-application shows that the EFOU process can be further optimized by controlling a proper electrolytic duration to reach a balance of Fe(II) generation and energy consumption. Additionally, it is found that tandem addition of Oxone® could minimize the scavenging effect between the radicals (from the first dose) and fresh Oxone® (from the second dose) and improve the overall performance of EFOU. Furthermore, aromatic intermediates such as 2,5-dichlorohydroquinone, 4,6-dichlororesorcinol, 2,4-chlorophenol, and many others are identified by using LC-ESI/MS analysis, based on which a possible decay pathway of 2,4,5-TCP by EFOU process is therefore proposed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)643-650
Number of pages8
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jan 2013


  • 2,4,5-Trichlorophenol
  • Hydroxyl radical
  • Oxone®
  • Sulfate radical

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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