The synthesis and structural, photophysical, electrochemical, and electroluminescent properties of a novel class of trifunctional Pt(II) cyclometalated complexes are reported in which the hole-transporting triarylamine, electron-transporting oxadiazole, and electroluminescent metal components are integrated into a single molecule. These neutral metal chelates display good thermal stability (>250°C under N2) and morphological stability. All of them exhibit intense ligand-centered fluorescence and phosphorescence in fluid solutions at room temperature, but the emission spectra become largely dominated by triplet emission bands in CH2Cl2glass at 77 K. Substituents with different electronic properties were introduced into the bipolar cyclometalating ligands to fine-tune the absorption and emissive characteristics of the compounds, and the results were correlated with theoretical calculations using density functional theory. A comparison of the photophysics and electrochemistry of our multifunctional systems to those only derived from each of the constituent components was also made and discussed. These Pt complexes can be vacuum-sublimed and applied as emissive dopants for the fabrication of vapor-deposited electrophosphorescent organic light-emitting devices (OLEDs), which generally exhibit good device performance with efficiencies up to 3.6%, 11.0 cd A-1, and 5.8 Im W-1. While the electroluminescence energy resembles that recorded in fluid solutions for these Pt emitters, these monochromatic OLEDs can emit tunable colors by varying the aryl ring substituents and the level of doping. Saliently, single dopant white-light electroluminescence, triggered by the simultaneous fluorescence/phosphorescence emission of the metal complexes and a variation of applied driving voltages, has also been realized based on some of these multifunctional complexes with peak electrophosphorescence efficiencies of 6.8 cd A-1and 2.6%.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry