Phosphate-based geopolymer: Formation mechanism and thermal stability

Yan Shuai Wang, Jianguo Dai, Zhu Ding, Wei Ting Xu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

102 Citations (Scopus)


� 2017 Chemosynthetic phosphate-based geopolymer is a new type of low carbon and eco-friendly construction material. This article aims to investigate the formation mechanism and thermal stability of this new type of geopolymer. In this study, three mixes of the phosphate-based geopolymer were designed and synthesized at ambient temperature with different molar ratios of Si, Al and P, which were supplied by the raw materials of silica fume, metakaolin and monoaluminum phosphate. No accelerating setting condition (e.g., metal oxides addition or high temperature curing) was applied. The experimental results showed that the 28-day compressive strength of the hardened geopolymer paste arrived at about 31�MPa when the Al/P molar ratio is equal to 1.0, which was ensured by the formation of an amorphous structure of SiO2�Al2O3�P2O5�nH2O and a crystalline phase, aluminum hydrogen phosphate (AlH3(PO4)2�3H2O). At elevated temperatures, a phase transition of the phosphate-based geopolymer was activated from aluminum hydrogen phosphate to berlinite (AlPO4) and the silicon-containing phase was rearranged.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209-212
Number of pages4
JournalMaterials Letters
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2017


  • Formation mechanism
  • Geopolymer
  • Phase transition
  • Phosphate
  • Thermal stability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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