Phase transition, dielectric and piezoelectric properties of K0.5Na0.5NbO3-CaTi0.9Zr0.1O3lead-free ceramics

Dunmin Lin, Kin Wing Kwok

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Lead-free (1 - x)K0.5Na0.5NbO3-xCaTi0.9Zr0.1O3+ 0.75 mol%MnO2piezoelectric ceramics have been prepared by an ordinary sintering technique and their phase transition, dielectric and piezoelectric properties have been studied. The results of X-ray diffraction show that CaTi0.9Zr0.1O3diffuse into K0.5Na0.5NbO3lattices to form a solid solution with a perovskite structure. After the addition of CaTi0.9Zr0.1O3, both the cubic-tetragonal and tetragonal-orthorhombic phase transition temperatures decrease, and a relaxor behavior is induced. Coexistence of the orthorhombic and tetragonal phases is formed in the ceramics with 0.03 < x < 0.07 at room temperature. Owing to the higher number of possible polarization states resulting from the coexistence of the two phases, the piezoelectric properties of the ceramics are enhanced significantly. The ceramic with x = 0.05 exhibits the following optimum properties: d33= 203 pC/N, kp= 45.0%, and TC= 342 °C.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)397-402
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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