Phase Stability and Precipitation in L12-Strengthened CoCrNi Medium-Entropy Alloys at Intermediate Temperatures

J. Y.C. Fang, W. H. Liu, J. H. Luan, Z. B. Jiao

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


Understanding phase stability and precipitation at intermediate temperatures is crucial for tailoring microstructures and mechanical properties of L12-strengthened multicomponent alloys. In this study, the precipitate type, morphology, and distribution of (CoCrNi)100−2x(AlTi)x (x = 3, 5, and 7 at.%) medium-entropy alloys (MEAs) at 600-900 °C were systematically investigated through a combination of scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction, electron backscatter diffraction, and thermodynamic calculations. Our results reveal that the Al and Ti additions promote the destabilization of supersaturated fcc into L12 and σ phases, and the dominating phases of the MEAs change from fcc + L12 to fcc + L12 + σ and to L12 + σ + L21 phases as the Al and Ti concentrations increase. In addition, increasing the temperature leads to a change of precipitate morphology from lamellar to granular microstructures. The effects of alloying additions and aging temperature on the phase stability, precipitation behavior, and mechanical properties of the MEAs were discussed from the thermodynamic and kinetic points of view.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)781-793
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Phase Equilibria and Diffusion
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021


  • medium entropy alloy
  • phase relation
  • precipitate microstructure
  • precipitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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