Phase space reconstruction, geometric filtering based Fisher discriminant analysis and minimum distance to the Riemannian means algorithm for epileptic seizure classification

Xueling Zhou, Bingo Wing Kuen Ling, Yang Zhou, Ngai Fong Law

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Most clinicians observe the changes of the electroencephalograms (EEGs) via the visual inspection of the recorded signals of the patients. However, the visual inspection is time consuming. Also, it is subjective and empirical. Therefore, designing an accurate and an automatic epilepsy classification system has a profound significance for reducing the workload of the medical officers. Method: First, this paper applies the phase space reconstruction (PSR) method for constructing the covariance matrix for characterizing the chaotic states of the EEGs. The covariance matrices are symmetric positive definite (SPD) matrices used as the feature descriptors of the EEGs. This set of the covariance matrices is in fact a kind of the Riemannian manifold. Denote this Riemannian manifold as M. Secondly, the tangent space at the Riemannian geometric mean is computed via the logarithmic mapping operator. Denote this tangent space as TM. This tangent space TM is a kind of the Euclidean space containing a point in the Riemannian manifold M. That is, the SPD matrices in the Riemannian manifold M are mapped to the matrices in the tangent space TM at the Riemannian geometric mean via the logarithmic mapping operator. Then, these matrices in the tangent space TM are further mapped to the tangent feature vectors. The set of the tangent feature vectors is a kind of the vector space. Denote this vector space as VT. Thirdly, the transformation matrix based on the Fisher discrimination analysis (FDA) is used to map the high dimensional vectors in the vector space VT to the low dimensional vectors in another vector space. Then, the discriminative vectors are projected back to the Riemannian manifold M via the exponential mapping operator. Finally, the minimum distance to the Riemannian means (MDRM) algorithm is applied for performing the epileptic seizure classification. Results: The computer numerical simulations are conducted based on three well known EEGs epileptic seizure datasets. Overall, our proposed method achieves the best performances for three datasets compared to the state of the art methods. Also, the computational complexity of our proposed method is low. Conclusion: Our proposed method is effective and robust for performing the seizure classification. Also, our proposed method can be implemented in the real time.

Original languageEnglish
Article number119613
Pages (from-to)1-18
JournalExpert Systems with Applications
Volume219
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2023

Keywords

  • Covariance matrices
  • Epileptic seizure classification
  • Geometric filtering based Fisher discriminant analysis
  • Minimum distance to the Riemannian means
  • Phase space reconstruction
  • Riemannian manifold

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Artificial Intelligence

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