Phase-Selective Epitaxial Growth of Heterophase Nanostructures on Unconventional 2H-Pd Nanoparticles

Yiyao Ge, Zhiqi Huang, Bo Chen, Guigao Liu, Ming Zhou, Xiao Zhang, Hongfei Cheng, Guanghua Liu, Yonghua Du, Cheng Jun Sun, Chaoliang Tan, Jingtao Huang, Pengfei Yin, Zhanxi Fan, Ye Chen, Nailiang Yang, Hua Zhang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

103 Citations (Scopus)


Heterostructured, including heterophase, noble-metal nanomaterials have attracted much interest due to their promising applications in diverse fields. However, great challenges still remain in the rational synthesis of well-defined noble-metal heterophase nanostructures. Herein, we report the preparation of Pd nanoparticles with an unconventional hexagonal close-packed (2H type) phase, referred to as 2H-Pd nanoparticles, via a controlled phase transformation of amorphous Pd nanoparticles. Impressively, by using the 2H-Pd nanoparticles as seeds, Au nanomaterials with different crystal phases epitaxially grow on the specific exposed facets of the 2H-Pd, i.e., face-centered cubic (fcc) Au (fcc-Au) on the (002)h facets of 2H-Pd while 2H-Au on the other exposed facets, to achieve well-defined fcc-2H-fcc heterophase Pd@Au core-shell nanorods. Moreover, through such unique facet-directed crystal-phase-selective epitaxial growth, a series of unconventional fcc-2H-fcc heterophase core-shell nanostructures, including Pd@Ag, Pd@Pt, Pd@PtNi, and Pd@PtCo, have also been prepared. Impressively, the fcc-2H-fcc heterophase Pd@Au nanorods show excellent performance toward the electrochemical carbon dioxide reduction reaction (CO2RR) for production of carbon monoxide with Faradaic efficiencies of over 90% in an exceptionally wide applied potential window from -0.9 to -0.4 V (versus the reversible hydrogen electrode), which is among the best reported CO2RR catalysts in H-type electrochemical cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18971-18980
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number44
Publication statusPublished - 4 Nov 2020
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • General Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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