Personal narrative skills of Urdu speaking preschoolers

Saboor Zafar Hamdani, Tehreem Arshad, Sharmeen Aslam Tarar, Rukhsana Kausar

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


The present study aimed to explore the personal narrative skills of Urdu speaking preschoolers, aged between 4 and 5 years. The study also aimed to investigate the gender differences in narrative skills, and relationship and the predictive association between macro- and microstructure skills. A total of 80 preschoolers were recruited using two-stage sampling (convenience and purposive). After screening the participants for intellectual functioning, three personal narratives were collected from each participant. The results revealed non-significant differences on the basis of age and gender. A significant correlation was found between the macro- and microstructure skills in children. NDW (number of different words), TNW (total number of words), and MLU (mean length of utterance) were revealed as significant predictors of macrostructural competencies in children. This was the first research that highlighted the narrative skills of Urdu speaking preschoolers. Hence, the patterns identified might help in extending the theory and research in this field.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)50-81
JournalNarrative Inquiry
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jul 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • narrative skills
  • personal narrative
  • preschoolers
  • Urdu language

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