Personal interaction and informal learning : the case of China

Kin Wai Michael Siu (Corresponding Author), J.C. Giovanni

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingChapter in an edited book (as author)Academic researchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Although the importance of casual and spontaneous personal interaction in informal learning is generally well acknowledged, less is known about which world regions or countries have cultures of personal interaction that foster these characteristics. This information is important because without it policymakers struggle to select appropriate actions to improve learning and education. In this case study of China, the authors investigate the characteristics of personal interaction there and consider their effects on informal learning. They present a systematic reflection on the literature about the culture of personal interaction in China and how these interaction practices facilitate informal learning. China is strongly influenced by Confucianism, which with other cultural practices such as guanxi , shapes personal relations in unique ways that have important implications for informal learning. The authors hope that this analysis sets a precedent for future studies about China and other parts of the world.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMeasuring and analyzing informal learning in the digital age
PublisherIGI Global
Number of pages13
ISBN (Print)9781466682665, 9781466682672
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • Acquisitive mindset
  • Formal education
  • Guanxi
  • Informal education
  • Informal learning
  • Learnscaping
  • Lose face


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