Performance on verbal implicit and explicit memory tasks following traumatic brain injury

Ho Keung David Shum, S. Sweeper, R. Murray

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The study aimed to ascertain if implicit memory is preserved after traumatic brain injury (TBI). It used two explicit memory tasks (graphemic-cued recall and semantic-cued recall) and two implicit memory tasks (word-fragment completion and general knowledge) to compare the performance of 16 individuals with severe, long-term TBI, and 16 matched controls. In addition, it examined the effect of level of processing on memory-task performance. It was found that individuals with TBI performed significantly more poorly on the two explicit memory tasks but not the two implicit memory tasks. Moreover, it was found that these individuals did not benefit as much from deep processing of memory materials as the matched controls. Implications of these findings for developing memory training programs are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-53
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1996
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Explicit memory
  • Implicit memory
  • Level of processing
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this