Performance of microaeration hydrolytic acidification process in the pretreatment of 2-butenal manufacture wastewater

Guangqing Song, Yin Yu, Tao Liu, Hongbo Xi, Yuexi Zhou

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

46 Citations (Scopus)


The performance of the microaeration hydrolytic acidification (MAHA) process and microbial community were investigated under different organic loading rates (OLRs) for the pretreatment of 2-butenal manufacture wastewater (2-BMW). Results indicated that OLRs had different impact on the performance of MAHA process. More than 23.7 ± 2.3% of the chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal and the highest acidification degree (20.9 ± 3.1%) were obtained when OLRs were less than 4.0 ± 0.1 kgCOD/m3 d. However, further increasing OLRs to 6.1 ± 0.1 kgCOD/m3 d subsequently led to the significant reductions of COD removal and acidification degree. In addition, it could be preliminarily inferred that 2H-pyran-2-one tetrahydro-4-(2-methyl-1-propen-3-yl), 5-formyl-6-methyl-4,5-dihydropyran and ethyl sorbate were the main refractory and toxic organics for microorganisms in the wastewater. The soluble microbial product (SMP) and extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) contents (protein, polysaccharide, nucleic acid) had obvious changes under different OLRs. With parallel factor (PARAFAC) model, four fluorescent components were identified. The Fmax of protein-like substances in SMP significantly decreased with increasing OLRs to 6.1 ± 0.1 kgCOD/m3 d, which might attribute to fluorescence quenching. Illumina MiSeq sequencing revealed that Pseudomonas, Longilinea, T78, Clostridium, WCHB1-05, Acinetobacter, SHD-231 and Oscillospira were dominant genera at different OLRs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)465-473
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Publication statusPublished - 5 May 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • 2-Butenal manufacture wastewater
  • Extracellular polymeric substance
  • Microaeration hydrolytic acidification process
  • Microbial community
  • Organic loading rates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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