Performance of children with traumatic brain injury on a 4-disk version of the tower of London and the Porteus Maze

Ho Keung David Shum, L. Short, J. Tunstall, J.G. O'Gorman, G. Wallace, K. Shephard, R. Murray

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16 Citations (Scopus)


The aim of this study was to assess planning ability in children with traumatic brain injury (TBI) using a 4-disk Tower of London (TOL) and the Porteus Maze. Participants were 10 6-10 years old and 12 11-16 years old children with moderate to severe TBI and 15 6-10 years old and 15 11-16 years old controls. On both tests children in the older age group performed significantly better than children in the younger age group. On the TeL children with TBI performed significantly more poorly than the controls on the 5 complex problems but not on the 5 simple problems. There was no effect for TBI on Porteus Maze performance. Results confirm the adverse impact of TBI on planning ability in children but point to subtleties in assessing it. (C) 2000 Academic Press.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-62
Number of pages4
JournalBrain and Cognition
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

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