Performance of Bridges Isolated with Sliding-Lead Rubber Bearings Subjected to Near-Fault Earthquakes

Wenzhi Zheng, Hao Wang, Hong Hao, Kaiming Bi, Huijun Shen

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)


This paper investigates the seismic performance of bridges installed with a sliding-lead rubber bearing (LRB) isolation system subjected to near-fault earthquakes. A three-span continuous bridge isolated with sliding-LRB system is used as an example. Nonlinear time history analyses are conducted to investigate the sensitivity effects of isolation period, friction coefficient and sliding displacement limit on the bridge responses. The responses of the sliding-LRB system are compared with those of the conventional LRB system. The results show that the base forces of the piers can be reduced by employing proper friction coefficients. However, the residual displacement of the sliding-LRB system may be larger compared with that of the conventional LRB system. To overcome this disadvantage, an improved solution to reduce the residual displacement is proposed with its effectiveness investigated. It was also demonstrated that the residual displacement and peak displacement can be effectively reduced by employing the shape memory alloy devices in the sliding-LRB system without significantly increasing the base forces.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2050023
JournalInternational Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Bridge
  • friction coefficient
  • isolation period
  • lead rubber bearing
  • near-fault earthquake
  • sliding displacement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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