Performance, labour flexibility and migrant workers in hotels: An establishment and departmental level analysis

Natina Yaduma, Allan Williams, Andrew Lockwood, Sangwon Park

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


This paper analyses flexible working, and the employment of migrants, as determinants of performance in hotels, utilising a highly disaggregated data set of actual hours worked and outputs, on a monthly basis, over an 8 year period for 25 establishments within a single firm. It examines not only inter-establishment, but also intra-establishment (departmental) variations in performance. The analysis also systematically compares the findings based on financial versus physical measures, against a background where existing research has utilised diverse and, sometimes, hybrid measures of performance and productivity. While generally confirming significant relationships between performance and flexible working and migrant employment, the findings also emphasise that the types of flexible working practices are important. It also identifies complex variations at the departmental level: substantially different relationships between flexibility and migrant employment, and performance are identified for rooms versus food and beverage departments, reflecting different operating conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)94-104
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Hospitality Management
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Financial performance
  • Functional flexibility
  • Labour productivity
  • Migrant employment
  • Numerical flexibility
  • Physical performance
  • Zero-contract employment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management
  • Strategy and Management


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