Performance improvement of a direct carbon solid oxide fuel cell through integrating an Otto heat engine

Haoran Xu, Bin Chen, Peng Tan, Houcheng Zhang, Jinliang Yuan, John T.S. Irvine, Meng Ni

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A novel system consisting of an external heat source, a direct carbon solid oxide fuel cell (DC-SOFC), a regenerator and an air standard Otto cycle engine is proposed to improve the performance of the DC-SOFC. Considering the electrochemical/chemical reactions, ionic/electronic charge transport, mass/momentum transport and heat transfer, a 2D tubular DC-SOFC model shows that the overall heat released in the cell can be smaller than, equal to or larger than the heat required by the internal Boudouard reaction. Three different operating modes of the proposed system are identified, and accordingly, analytical expressions for the equivalent power output and efficiency of the proposed system are derived under different operating conditions. The modeling results show that the Otto heat engine can effectively recover the waste heat from the DC-SOFC for additional power production especially at large operating current density. Comprehensive parametric studies are conducted to investigate the effects of the different operating conditions of DC-SOFC on its performance and heat generation. The effects of compression ratio, internal irreversibility factor and power dissipation of the Otto heat engine on the system performance improvement are also studied.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)761-770
Number of pages10
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Volume165
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2018

Keywords

  • Air standard Otto heat engine
  • Carbon gasification
  • Parametric study
  • Performance improvement
  • Solid oxide fuel cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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