An approximate bit-error rate (BER) expression of 8-star quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) in the presence of a phase estimation error is derived. The accuracy of the approximate BER is verified via numerical integration of the conditional BER and the Monte-Carlo (MC) simulations. This approximation allows quick estimation of the BER performance and prediction of laser linewidth tolerance, and also facilitates optimization of the ring ratio.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics