Perceived parental control and parent-child relational qualities in Chinese adolescents in Hong Kong

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101 Citations (Scopus)


Chinese secondary school students (N = 3,017) were asked to respond to instruments that measure subjective evaluation of parental behavioral control (indexed by parental knowledge, expectation, monitoring, discipline, and demandingness, as well as Chinese parental control attributes), parental psychological control, and parent-child relational qualities (satisfaction with parental control, child's readiness to communicate with the parents, and perceived mutual trust). Results showed that Chinese adolescents perceived their fathers and mothers to be different in terms of the above indicators, and they suggest that the notion of "strict father, kind mother" in traditional Chinese culture has changed to "strict mother, kind father" in contemporary Chinese culture. Results also showed significant main effects of the child (boys vs. girls) and interaction effects of parents and gender of the child. Finally, parental educational levels were positively related to perceived parental control processes and parent-child relational qualities.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)635-646
Number of pages12
JournalSex Roles
Issue number9-10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Chinese adolescents
  • Gender differences
  • Parent-child relational qualities
  • Parental control
  • Parental education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gender Studies
  • Social Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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