This study explored the antecedents and consequences of perceived discrimination of tourists. Both general and medical tourists, who represent contexts of low and high interaction with service providers, respectively, were interviewed in-depth regarding their travel experiences in Hong Kong. The critical incidence approach was applied to identify unfair treatment and other relevant factors. Similarities and differences were found between the discriminatory experiences and antecedents of medical tourists and general tourists. The findings indicate that some unfair treatments were subsequently attributed to discrimination; because of their unique travel motivations, medical tourists more easily attributed unfair treatment to discrimination. Moreover, four groups of factors were identified as antecedents to perceived discrimination: cultural, employee, tourist and situational factors. The results suggest that the relationship between perceived discrimination and post-visit behavioral intentions is moderated by the perceived value of the trip. The practical implications of our findings are discussed.
- Hong Kong
- perceived discrimination
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geography, Planning and Development
- Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management