Paternal and Maternal Influences on the Psychological Well-Being of Chinese Adolescents

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70 Citations (Scopus)


Adolescents' (N = 378) perceptions of and satisfaction with parenting styles, perceived parent-adolescent conflict, perceived frequency of parent-adolescent communication and related feelings, perceived parent-adolescent relationship, and mental health were assessed with rating scales and structured interviews on 2 occasions separated by 1 year. Results showed that the questionnaire and interview measures at each time could be grouped into 2 stable factors: Paternal Parenthood Qualities (PPQ) and Maternal Parenthood Qualities (MPQ). Although both factors generally had significant concurrent and longitudinal correlations with adolescents' mental health, PPQ at Time 1 predicted changes in adolescent life satisfaction, hopelessness, self-esteem, purpose in life, and general psychiatric morbidity at Time 2, whereas MPQ at Time 1 did not predict those changes. Adolescents' mental health at Time 1 was found to predict changes in MPQ but not PPQ at Time 2. Relative to maternal qualities, paternal qualities were generally found to exert a stronger impact on adolescent psychological well-being.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)269-296
Number of pages28
JournalGenetic, Social, and General Psychology Monographs
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • General Arts and Humanities
  • General Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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