Particle resuspension in a wall-bounded turbulent flow

S. C. Fu, C. Y.H. Chao, R. M.C. So, W. T. Leung

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Resuspension is of common occurrence in a wide range of industrial and environmental processes. Excessive resuspension in these processes could have a severe impact on human safety and health. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a practical, yet reasonably accurate model to describe the resuspension phenomenon. It has been identified that rolling is the dominant mechanism for particle resuspension in the presence of an air stream, be it laminar or turbulent. Existing models predict the resuspension rate by regarding particles as being resuspended once they are set in motion; only a few of these models attempt to describe the full scenario, including rolling motion and the effect of turbulence. The objective of this paper is to propose a stochastic model to simulate the resuspension rate in the presence of a near-wall turbulent stream, and where the rolling mechanism is assumed to dominate the resuspension process. The fluctuating part of the angular velocity of a rolling particle is modeled by the Langevin equation (i.e., an Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process); thus, the overall angular velocity is modeled as a diffusion process. A free parameter of the proposed resuspension model is determined using data obtained from a Monte Carlo (MC) simulation of the problem. Once determined, the parameter is found to be universal for different materials and different sizes of particles tested. The modeling results obtained using this parameter are found to be in good agreement with experimental data, and the model performs better compared to other models.

Original languageEnglish
Article number041301
JournalJournal of Fluids Engineering, Transactions of the ASME
Volume135
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • gas-solid
  • suspensions
  • turbulence modeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering

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