Particle flow simulation of seepage erosion around shield tunnel

Dong Mei Zhang, Cheng Peng Gao, Zhen Yu Yin, Ru Lu Wang, Tian Liang Yang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


For tunnels built in silty sand, the tunnel leakage can carry the fine particles into tunnels and generate seepage erosion, which will result in the tunnel settlement and damage the tunnel serviceability. This paper presents the tunnel displacement, soil stress distribution and ground settlement due to seepage erosion by using the discrete element method (DEM) simulation. The results show that the tunnel displacement and ground settlement increase linearly with the particles loss ratio. Particle arch formed around the erosion seam will redistribute the soil pressure; and it can lead to further expansion of the erosion seam and accelerate the seepage erosion process. And the seepage erosion in the inverse of the tunnel is more risky to tunnel serviceability than that in the tunnel waist and crown.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)429-438
Number of pages10
JournalYantu Lixue/Rock and Soil Mechanics
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jun 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Numerical simulation
  • Particle flow
  • Seepage erosion
  • Tunnel-soil calculation model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Soil Science


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