Particle flow behavior of distribution and deposition throughout 90° bends: Analysis of influencing factors

Ke Sun, Lin Lu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


This paper experimentally investigates the particle concentration distribution and deposition in three-dimensional 90° bends considering three potential influencing factors: inlet mass concentration Cm, Reynolds number Re and wall material. Particle penetrations were found to decrease moderately within 11% with the increase of Cmunder current conditions, but deposition velocity would increase by 1.29-2.87 times. The inlet particle concentration will not affect the outlet concentration distribution and particle penetration for the particles of St=5.15×10-4. For larger particles, however, higher Cm, St and Re cause higher concentration near the outer wall of bend outlet, lower concentration near the inner wall and even 'particle free zone'. For the outlet concentration distribution, apexes and concave points are observed, which may be formed by the rebounding particles. Furthermore, concentration polarization factor is introduced to analyze the outlet nonuniformity. Accordingly, Re is found to be a higher weighting factor compared with Cm. Compared to penetration, deposition velocity is more sensitive to wall materials, for example, with an increase factor up to 1.45. Furthermore, a rough estimation method and an empirical model are suggested to establish the correlation among dimensionless outlet concentration, St and 'particle free zone'.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-41
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Aerosol Science
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2013


  • Concentration distribution
  • Deposition velocity
  • Inlet mass concentration
  • Particle penetration
  • Reynolds number
  • Surface material

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Pollution


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