Parametric optimization of packed bed for activated coal fly ash waste heat recovery using CFD techniques

Kai Liang, Saimeng Jin, Hengzhi Chen, Jingzheng Ren, Weifeng Shen, Shun'an Wei

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Coal fly ash is an industrial solid waste generated from coal preparation during the processing and cleaning of coal for electric power generation. Comprehensive investigation on the reutilization of waste heat of activated coal fly ash is of great economic significance. The method of recovering the waste heat, proposed in this study, is the transfer of heat from activated coal fly ash to gas with the movement of air using the packed bed, providing valuable energy sources for preheating the raw coal fly ash to reduce the overall energy consumption. The investigation is carried on the heat transfer characteristics of gas–solid (activated coal fly ash) phases and air temperature fields of the packed bed under some key conditions via computational fluid dynamics. A two dimensional geometry is utilized to represent key parts of packed bed. The distribution mechanism of the temperature field for gas phase is analyzed based on the transient temperature contours at different times. The results show that the obtained rule of gas–solid heat transfer can effectively evaluate the influences of operating parameters on the air temperature in the packed bed. Simultaneously, it is found that no temperature differences exist in the hot air at the outlet of the packed bed. The investigation provides guidance for the design and optimization of other similar energy recovery apparatuses in industries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)518-525
Number of pages8
JournalChinese Journal of Chemical Engineering
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2020


  • Coal fly ash
  • Computational fluid dynamics
  • Eulerian–Eulerian model
  • Packed bed
  • Waste heat recovery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Biochemistry
  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering


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