Pain, balance, and mobility in people 1 year after total knee arthroplasty: a non-randomized cross-sectional pilot study contrasting posterior-stabilized and medial-pivot designs

Wai Ting Lo, Matthew A Brodie, William Tsang, Stephen Lord, Chun Hoi Yan, Yu Lok Wong (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a common treatment for severe knee osteoarthritis. Medial-pivot TKA systems (MP-TKA) are theoretically better than posterior-stabilized TKA systems (PS-TKA) in improving static and dynamic balance of patients although it is difficult to objectively quantify these balance parameters in a clinical setting.

Therefore, this pilot study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of using wearable devices in a clinical setting to examine whether people with MP-TKA have better postoperative outcomes than PS-TKA, and their balance control is more akin to age-matched asymptomatic controls.

The current cross-sectional pilot study recruited 57 participants with 2 different prosthesis designs (20 PS-TKA, 18 MP-TKA) and 19 asymptomatic controls. At 1-year post-TKA, pain, knee stiffness, and physical function were assessed using the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC). Static balance, mobility, and gait stability of the participants were evaluated based on data collected from wearable motion sensors during the near tandem stance, timed-up-and-go, and 6-min walk tests.

Compared to asymptomatic controls, both TKA groups reported significantly more pain and stiffness and demonstrated reduced functional mobility, increased stride-time-variability, and impaired balance. After Bonferroni adjustment, no significant differences in pain, balance, and mobility performance were observed between PS-TKA and MP-TKA participants 1 year after surgery. However, there was a trend for increased anteroposterior sway of the lumbar and head regions in the MP-TKA participants when undertaking the near tandem stance test. The wearable motion sensors were easy to use without any adverse effects.

It is feasible to use wearable motion sensors in a clinical setting to compare balance and mobility performance of patients with different TKA prothesis designs. Since this was a pilot study and no definite conclusions could be drawn, future clinical trials should determine the impacts of different TKA prosthesis designs on post-operative outcomes over a longer follow-up period.
Original languageEnglish
Article number131
JournalPilot and Feasibility Studies
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jun 2022


  • Balance performance
  • Gait
  • Post-operation
  • Postural sway
  • Prosthesis
  • Wearable sensors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

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