Over-expression of nucleophosmin/B23 decreases the susceptibility of human leukemia HL-60 cells to retinoic acid-induced differentiation and apoptosis

Chen Y. Hsu, Yat Ming Yung

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Stable clones of HL-60 cells in which nucleophosmin/B23 was over-expressed were established. Less percentages (4-20%) of nucleophosmin/B23 over-expressed (pCR3-B23) cells exhibited the morphological characteristic of apoptosis as compared with control vector-transfected (pCR3) cells (6-53%) during the 10 μM RA treatment for 1-4 days. In flow cytometry analysis, a block in the G1 phase was noted in all the pCR3-B23 and pCR3 cells after 2 days of 10 μM RA treatment and continued to be observed at all times measured up to 6 days. Smaller peaks of apoptotic cells with less than G1 DNA content were observed in pCR3-B23 as compared with pCR3 cells after 4-6 days of 10 μM RA treatment. As measured by expressions of differentiation markers and the functional assessment of the ability to reduce nitroblue-tetrazolium, our results further showed that over-expression of nucleophosmin/B23 decreased the response of the cells to RA-induced differentiation. Less cleavage of PARP and in vitro caspase-3 activity were observed in PCR3-B23 cells as compared with pCR3 cells treated with 10 μM RA for 3-4 days. IRF-1 was induced after 6 hr of 10 μM RA treatment in the pCR3-B23 and pCR3 cells. Significantly more nucleophosmin/B23 was co-immunoprecipitated with IRF-1 from pCR3-B23 cells than from pCR3 cells during RA treatment (10 μM; 24 hr, 96 hr). The IRF-1 transcriptional activity was found to be attenuated in pCR3-B23 cells as compared with pCR3 cells during the treatment of cells with RA. Nucleophosmin/B23, through interacting with IRF-1, plays an important role in the control of the susceptibility of cells to RA-induced differentiation and apoptosis. (C) 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)392-400
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 16 Oct 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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