Inhibitors of differentiation and DNA binding-1 (Id-1) have been demonstrated to oppose Ets-mediated activation of p16INK4a. As p16INK4aprotein is inactivated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), we aimed to investigate the role of Id-1 in regulating p16INK4aexpression during the development of HCC in HCC patients and direct ectopic Id-1 introduction into the PLC/PRF/5 HCC cell line. Sixty-two HCC samples were recruited for evaluation of Id-1 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) protein expression. The messenger RNA (mRNA) expression of Id-1 and p16INK4awas detected by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. For in vitro Id-1 transfection, five Id-1 transfected clones were isolated and the effect of ectopic Id-1 introduction was investigated by 3-(4,5-cimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide assay, flow cytometry, immunostaining and western blot. Our results showed that Id-1 was over-expressed in HCC specimens both at mRNA and protein levels. Over-expression of Id-1 protein was correlated with PCNA (r = 0.334, P = 0.033). HCC samples showing low Id-1 protein expression had a lower Id-1 mRNA level (340.2 versus 1467%, P = 0.039) and higher p16INK4aexpression (195 versus -78.6%, P = 0.039) than samples with high Id-1 protein expression. In the PLC/PRF/5 HCC cell line study, ectopic Id-1 expression resulted in proliferation of HCC cells and an increased percentage of S phase cells and PCNA expression. The results showed that over-expression of Id-1 induces cell proliferation in HCC through inactivation of p16INK4a/retinoblastoma pathway. In conclusion, the results provided an insight for the understanding of the role of Id-1 in functional inactivation of p16INK4ain HCC.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research