Outcomes of the Chinese basic conversation skill module (CBCSM) for people with schizophrenia having mild to moderate symptoms and dysfunction in Hong Kong

Davis C.C. Lak, Wing Hong Hector Tsang, Alex Kopelowicz, Robert P. Liberman

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


This study tested the effectiveness of a culturally adapted Chinese Basic Conversation Skill Module (CBCSM) for Hong Kong Chinese with schizophrenia. A total of 106 participants with schizophrenia who had mild to moderate levels of symptoms and dysfunction were recruited between January 2004 and September 2005. After random allocation, 35 participants were assigned to the CBCSM group with skill generalization training (SGT), 35 participants were assigned to the CBCSM group without SGT, and 36 participants were assigned to the placebo group. All participants were assessed by a blind rater at baseline, 5 weeks after commencement of skills training, and 3 and 6 months after completion of skills training on conversation skill mastery, subjective personal well being, and self esteem. After 15 sessions of intervention, the CBCSM group with SGT and the CBCSM group outperformed the placebo group in social skills. At the 6-month follow-up, social skill of CBCSM group with SGT was better than the CBCSM group and the placebo group. CBCSM with SGT was found to be effective in improving conversation skill of people with schizophrenia in Hong Kong. This combined strategy was also shown to be better than mere application of CBCSM in helping conversation skill mastery. 2010.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-144
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jun 2010


  • Generalization strategy
  • Schizophrenia
  • Social skills training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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