Outcome of Molecular Targeted Agents Plus Chemotherapy for Second-Line Therapy of Metastatic Colorectal Cancer: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Trials

X. Pei, Y. Liu, L. Sun, Jun Zhang, Y. Fang, X. Liao, J. Liu, C. Zhang, T. Yin

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2016 Elsevier Inc. The efficacy and toxicity of molecular targeted agents in second-line therapy for patients with metastatic colorectal cancer were evaluated by analyzing the results of 11 randomized trials. Among the targeted agents, the addition of vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitor to chemotherapy had a significant advantage in progression-free survival, overall survival, and objective response rate over chemotherapy alone and showed a better result for patients than other inhibitors, except for the increased occurrence of adverse events in the combination therapy arm. Introduction The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of molecular targeted agents plus chemotherapy compared with chemotherapy alone as second-line therapy for patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). Materials and Methods We identified randomized controlled trials that compared molecular targeted agents plus chemotherapy with chemotherapy alone by searching the PubMed and Embase databases for articles published between January 2000 and September 2015. The outcome measures included progression-free survival, overall survival, objective response rate, and adverse events. Two investigators independently performed the information retrieval, screening, and data extraction. Stata 10.0 software was used to statistically analyze the extracted data. In accordance with our inclusion criteria, 11 trials, with a total of 7440 patients, were included in this meta-analysis through rounds of selection. We divided the biologic agents used into 3 subgroups based on the type of biologic agents—vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitor, epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitor, and other pathway inhibitors. Results Our results suggested that the regimen of a molecular targeted agent plus chemotherapy had a significant advantage in progression-free survival, overall survival, and objective response rate over chemotherapy alone (hazard ratio, 0.74; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.70-0.78; hazard ratio, 0.88; 95% CI, 0.83-0.93; risk ratio, 2.24; 95% CI: 1.58-3.17, respectively). However, the rate of grade ≥ 3 adverse events was also higher in the combination therapy arm (risk ratio, 1.25; 95% CI, 1.17-1.33). Subgroup analysis showed that the combination of VEGF inhibitor with chemotherapy had a significant advantage in PFS, OS, and ORR over chemotherapy alone, but there was also a higher risk ratio in adverse events for this combination compared with the control group. Conclusion In conclusion, a molecular targeted agent, especially VEGF inhibitor, plus chemotherapy is a worthwhile combination for patients with metastatic colorectal cancer as second-line therapy. However, more randomized controlled trials on a larger scale are needed for evaluating the value of epidermal growth factor receptor and other pathway inhibitors.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e149-e156
JournalClinical Colorectal Cancer
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • EGFR inhibitor
  • Meta-analysis
  • Metastatic colorectal cancer
  • VEGF inhibitor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Gastroenterology

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