Osmotic response element-binding protein (OREBP) is an essential regulator of the urine concentrating mechanism

Amy K.M. Lam, Chi Bun Ko, Sidney Tam, Ryan Morris, James Y. Yang, Sookja K. Chung, Stephen S.M. Chung

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

78 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OREBP (osmotic response element-binding protein), also called TonEBP or NFAT5, is thought to induce the expression of genes that increase the accumulation of organic osmolytes to protect cells against a hypertonic environment. To investigate the consequences of lacking OREBP activity, transgenic (Tg) mice that overexpress OREBPdn (dominant negative form of OREBP) specifically in the epithelial cells of the renal collecting tubules were generated. These mice showed impairment in their urine concentrating mechanism, most likely due to reduced expression of the aquaporin AQP2 and the urea transporter UT-A1 and UT-A2 mRNAs. When deprived of water or after the administration of a vasopressin analogue, urine osmolality of the Tg mice was significantly increased but not to the same extent as that of the wild type mice. The expression of AQP2 and UT-A1, but not UT-A2 mRNAs, was increased to the same level as that of the wild type mice in the water deprivation state, indicating that the vasopressin regulatory mechanism was not affected by OREBPdn. These data indicate that in addition to vasopressin, OREBP is another essential regulator of the urine concentrating mechanism. Furthermore, the OREBPdn Tg mice developed progressive hydronephrosis soon after weaning, confirming the osmoprotective function of OREBP implicated by the in vitro experiments.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48048-48054
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume279
Issue number46
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Nov 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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