Osmium(VI) nitrido and osmium(IV) phosphoraniminato complexes containing schiff base ligands

Tsz Wing Wong, Tai Chu Lau, Wing Tak Wong

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A series of osmium(VI) nitrido complexes containing Schiff base ligands, [OsVI(N)(L)Cl] (L = salophen or salen), have been synthesized by reaction of the ligand with [NBun4][OsVI(N)Cl4] in the presence of 2,6-dimethylpyridine. The ν(Os≡N) for the salophen complexes occur at around 1070 cm-1 and are insensitive to the nature of the substituents present on the Schiff base ligand. The structures of [Os(N)(salophen)(MeOH)]ClO4 and [Os(N)(5,5-Cl2salophen)(MeOH)]ClO4 have been determined by X-ray crystallography, and the Os≡N bond distances are 1.651 and 1.66 Å, respectively. The osmium(VI) nitrido complexes react rapidly with triphenylphosphine to produce the corresponding osmium(IV) phosphoraniminato complexes, [OsIV(NPPh3)(L)Cl]. The osmium(IV) complexes exhibit reversible OsV/IV and OsIV/III couples in cyclic voltammetry. The E1/2 values show linear correlations with the Hammett constants σp of the substituents on the Schiff base ligand. The structure of [OsIV(NPPh3)(salophen)-Cl] has been determined by X-ray crystallography. The rather long Os-N(P) bond length (1.92 A) and acute Os-N-P bond angle (149.6°) suggest that there is no significant multiple-bond character in the Os-N bond. The kinetics of nitrogen atom transfer from a series of 5,5′-disubstituted salophen nitrido complexes to PPh3 have been studied in CH3CN at 25.0 °C by stopped-flow spectrophotometric method. The following rate law was obtained: -d[Os(VI)]/dt = k2[Os(VI)][PPh3]. The reactivities of the complexes were found to follow a Hammett correlation of log(kX/kH) with σp, with a ρ value of 1.9 ± 0.1. The positive ρ value is consistent with a transition state involving electrophilic attack by the nitrido ligand on the phosphorus atom.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6181-6186
Number of pages6
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Issue number26
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 1999
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Inorganic Chemistry

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