Origin of the High Capacity Manganese-Based Oxyfluoride Electrodes for Rechargeable Batteries

Leiting Zhang, Damien Dambournet, Antonella Iadecola, Dmitry Batuk, Olaf J. Borkiewicz, Kamila M. Wiaderek, Elodie Salager, Minhua Shao, Guohua Chen, Jean Marie Tarascon

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


In the quest for high energy density rechargeable batteries, conversion-type cathode materials stand out with their appealing multielectron transfer properties. However, they undergo a series of complex phase transitions upon initial cycling as opposed to conventional intercalation-type materials. Within this category, iron-based mixed-anion solid solutions (FeOxF2-x) have captured the most attention of the battery community, owing to their high theoretical capacity and moderate cyclability. In the meantime, it was recently demonstrated, via a series of electrochemical cycling experiments, the in situ preparation of manganese-based mixed-anion cathode materials based on decomposition of electrolyte salt LiPF6 in the presence of MnO. To take a step forward, we herein report a routine protocol to prepare 220 mAh g-1-class composite cathodes. In addition, we provide a comprehensive understanding of the in situ fluorination and locally reversible phase transitions using complementary analytical techniques. The charged phase, with an average Mn oxidation state of ca. +2.8, consists of a highly disordered O-rich cubic-spinel-like core and an F-rich amorphous shell. Upon discharge, lithiation induces further phase transition, forming LiF, MnO, and a lithiated rocksalt-like phase. This work, which we also extended to the iron-based system, offers insights into modification of chemical and electronic properties of electrode materials by in situ fluorination.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5362-5372
Number of pages11
JournalChemistry of Materials
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 14 Aug 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Chemistry


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