Organic/Inorganic Self-Assembled Hybrid Nano-Architectures for Cancer Therapy Applications

Chengbin Yang, Zheng Ian Lin, Jian An Chen, Zhourui Xu, Jiayu Gu, Wing Cheung Law, Jason Hsiao Chun Yang (Corresponding Author), Chih Kuang Chen (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

Abstract

Since the conceptualization of nanomedicine, numerous nanostructure-mediated drug formulations have progressed into clinical trials for treating cancer. However, recent clinical trial results indicate such kind of drug formulations has a limited improvement on the antitumor efficacy. This is due to the biological barriers associated with those formulations, for example, circulation stability, extravasation efficiency in tumor, tumor penetration ability, and developed multi-drug resistance. When employing for nanomedicine formulations, pristine organic-based and inorganic-based nanostructures have their own limitations. Accordingly, organic/inorganic (O/I) hybrids have been developed to integrate the merits of both, and to minimize their intrinsic drawbacks. In this context, the recent development in O/I hybrids resulting from a self-assembly strategy will be introduced. Through such a strategy, organic and inorganic building blocks can be self-assembled via either chemical covalent bonds or physical interactions. Based on the self-assemble procedure, the hybridization of four organic building blocks including liposomes, micelles, dendrimers, and polymeric nanocapsules with five functional inorganic nanoparticles comprising gold nanostructures, magnetic nanoparticles, carbon-based materials, quantum dots, and silica nanoparticles will be highlighted. The recent progress of these O/I hybrids in advanced modalities for combating cancer, such as, therapeutic agent delivery, photothermal therapy, photodynamic therapy, and immunotherapy will be systematically reviewed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2100349
JournalMacromolecular Bioscience
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Nov 2021

Keywords

  • immunotherapy
  • organic/inorganic hybrids
  • photodynamic therapy
  • photothermal therapy
  • therapeutic agent delivery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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