Organic carbon and elemental carbon associated with PM10in Beijing during spring time

Renjian Zhang, Kin Fai Ho, Junji Cao, Zhiwei Han, Meigen Zhang, Yan Cheng, Shuncheng Lee

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)


A continuous observation of organic carbon (OC) and elemental carbon (EC), and PM10was conducted at an urban site of Beijing to investigate the characterization of carbonaceous aerosols during spring time. The mean value and standard deviations of OC, EC, PM10concentration, and OC/EC ratio were 13.5 ± 7.0 μg m-3, 7.1 ± 4.1 μg m-3, 187.8 ± 136.9 μg m-3, and 2.0 ± 0.4, respectively. OC, EC, and total carbonaceous aerosols (TCA) in PM10account for 9.3 ± 5.7%, 4.7 ± 2.7%, and 19.6 ± 11.6%, respectively. Good correlations (R2= 0.7) between OC and EC were observed in spring season. Average OC concentrations are 13.5 μg m-3in both daytime and nighttime. Average EC concentrations in daytime (7.4 μg m-3) are slightly higher than those in nighttime (6.8 μg m-3). Both OC and EC concentrations reach maximum value in morning time (07:30-10:30) due to motor vehicles during the traffic rush hour. PM10, OC, and EC concentration increase while PM2.5concentration, OC/EC ratio, PM2.5/PM10, and TCA/PM10ratio decrease in dust period in Beijing. During the observation period, the carbonaceous aerosols from motor vehicle and coal combustion accounted for 76% and 24%, respectively. It shows that the motor vehicle represents the dominant emitter of carbonaceous aerosols associated with PM10in Beijing during spring time.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)970-977
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Issue number2-3
Publication statusPublished - 30 Dec 2009


  • Atmospheric pollution
  • China
  • Coal combustion
  • Motor vehicles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • General Medicine
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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