Optimum rib size to enhance forced convection in a horizontal triangular duct with ribbed internal surfaces

D. D. Luo, Chun Wah Leung, Tat Leung Chan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


The optimum rib size to enhance heat transfer had been proposed through an experimental investigation on the forced convection of a fully developed turbulent flow in an air-cooled horizontal equilateral triangular duct fabricated on its internal surfaces with uniformly spaced square ribs. Five different rib sizes (B) of 5 mm, 6 mm, 7 mm, 7.9 mm and 9 mm, respectively, were used in the present investigation, while the separation (S) between the center lines of two adjacent ribs was kept at a constant of 57 mm. The experimental triangular ducts were of the same axial length (L) of 1050 mm and the same hydraulic diameter (D) of 44 mm. Both the ducts and the ribs were fabricated with duralumin. For every experimental set-up, the entire inner wall of the duct was heated uniformly while the outer wall was thermally insulated. From the experimental results, a maximum average Nusselt number of the triangular duct was observed at the rib size of 7.9 mm (i.e. relative rib size B/D = 0.1795). Considering the pressure drop along the triangular duct, it was found to increase almost linearly with the rib size. Non-dimensional expressions had been developed for the determination of the average Nusselt number and the average friction factor of the equilateral triangular ducts with ribbed internal surfaces. The developed equations were valid for a wide range of Reynolds numbers of 4,000 < ReD< 23,000 and relative rib sizes of 0.11≤ B/D ≤ 0.21under steady-state condition.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)893-900
Number of pages8
JournalHeat and Mass Transfer/Waerme- und Stoffuebertragung
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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