Graphene has been considered an ideal absorbent and excellent carrier for nanoparticles. Reduced graphite oxide (rGO)–supported nanoscale zero-valent iron (nZVI@rGO) is an effective material for removing nitrate from water. nZVI@rGO nanocomposites were prepared by a liquid-phase reduction method and then applied for nitrate-nitrogen (NO 3 − -N) removal in aqueous solution under anaerobic conditions. The experimental results showed that the stability and activity of the nZVI@rGO nanocomposites were enhanced compared with those of nZVI. The influence of the reaction conditions, including the initial concentration of NO 3 − -N, coexisting anions, initial pH of the solution, and water temperature, on NO 3 − -N removal was also investigated by batch experiments. In a neutral or slightly alkaline environment, 90% of NO 3 − -N at a concentration less than 50 mg/L could be removed within 1 h, and nitrogen production was approximately 15%. The process of NO 3 − -N removal by nZVI@rGO fits well with different reaction kinetics. In addition, magnetite was the main oxidation product. RGO-supported nZVI might become a promising filler in the permeable reactive barrier process for groundwater remediation.
- Groundwater remediation
- Reduced graphite oxide
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Chemistry
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis