Optimizing energy efficiency for minimum latency broadcast in low-duty-cycle Sensor Networks

Lijie Xu, Guihai Chen, Jiannong Cao, Shan Lin, Haipeng Dai, Xiaobing Wu, Fan Wu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


Multihop broadcasting in low-duty-cycle Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) is a very challenging problem, since every node has its own working schedule. Existing solutions usually use unicast instead of broadcast to forward packets from a node to its neighbors according to their working schedules, which is, however, not energy efficient. In this article, we propose to exploit the broadcast nature of wireless media to further save energy for low-duty-cycle networks, by adopting a novel broadcasting communication model. The key idea is to let some early wake-up nodes postpone their wake-up slots to overhear broadcasting messages from its neighbors. This model utilizes the spatiotemporal locality of broadcast to reduce the total energy consumption, which can be essentially characterized by the total number of broadcasting message transmissions. Based on such model, we aim at minimizing the total number of broadcasting message transmissions of a broadcast for low-duty-cycle WSNs, subject to the constraint that the broadcasting latency is optimal. We prove that it is NP-hard to find the optimal solution, and design an approximation algorithm that can achieve a polylogarithmic approximation ratio. Extensive simulation results show that our algorithm outperforms the traditional solutions in terms of energy efficiency.
Original languageEnglish
Article number57
JournalACM Transactions on Sensor Networks
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2015


  • Energy efficient
  • Low duty cycle
  • Minimum broadcasting latency
  • Multihop broadcast
  • Wireless Sensor Networks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications


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