Optimization of gas-solid carbonation conditions of recycled aggregates using a linear weighted sum method

Adebayo Olatunbsoun Sojobi, Dongxing Xuan, Long Li, Songhui Liu, Chi Sun Poon

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Optimization of pretreatment and various gas-solid interaction conditions is necessary for effective carbonation of recycled coarse aggregates derived from concrete wastes (RCA). This study demonstrated the use of linear weighted sum method to simultaneously optimize the pretreatment and carbonation test conditions. The optimization of the test conditions produced simplified, and eco-friendly pretreatments and drastically reduced the carbonation duration of RCA from 72 h to 3 weeks in previous studies to 18 h in this study. In addition, the optimum experimental conditions were validated by casting concrete using the carbonated RCAs. The optimized pretreatment and carbonation conditions were spraying Ca2+-rich wastewater at a level of 60% of the 24 h water absorption of RCA, 12 h air drying and 6 h carbonation at 60 °C. This study also demonstrated that wastewater derived from ready-mix concrete batching plants can be utilized for spraying the RCAs to improve carbonation efficiency. Also, the mechanical and durability properties of concrete prepared with RCAs produced from the optimized conventional carbonation and pressurized carbonation were similar. Therefore, optimized conventional carbonation can be utilized as an alternative to pressurized carbonation. The improved mechanical and durability properties of concrete prepared with carbonated RCAs were attributed to the improved physical properties of carbonated RCAs and improved microhardness of the interfacial transition zone of the new mortar. The simplified, faster, ecofriendly, optimized pretreatment and carbonation conditions opens a new vista for industrial carbonation applications and optimization of gas-solid interactions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100053
JournalDevelopments in the Built Environment
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021


  • Durability
  • Gas-solid carbonation
  • Optimization
  • Pretreatment
  • Recycled concrete aggregates
  • Temperature
  • Wastewater

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Building and Construction
  • Architecture
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)

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