Optimization of emergy sustainability index for biodiesel supply network design

Jingzheng Ren, Shiyu Tan, Le Yang, Michael Evan Goodsite, Chengfang Pang, Lichun Dong

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)


Sustainability is an important and difficult consideration for the stakeholders/decision-makers when planning a biofuel supply network. In this paper, a Mixed-Integer Non-linear Programming (MINLP) model was developed with the aim to help the stakeholders/decision-maker to select the most sustainable design. In the proposed model, the emergy sustainability index of the whole biodiesel supply networks in a life cycle perspective is employed as the measure of the sustainability, and multiple feedstocks, multiple transport modes, multiple regions for biodiesel production and multiple distribution centers can be considered. After describing the process and mathematic framework of the model, an illustrative case was studied and demonstrated that the proposed methodology is feasible for finding the most sustainable design and planning of biodiesel supply chains.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)312-321
Number of pages10
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Biodiesel
  • Emergy sustainability index
  • Life cycle perspective
  • Supply chain
  • Sustainability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this