Optimization of column-in-column system based on non-conventional TMD concept

Xiaojun Fang, Hong Hao, Kaiming Bi, Jian Song, Yongsheng Cao, Zhangyan Chen

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


Previous studies showed that the non-conventional tuned mass damper (TMD) with large mass ratio outperforms the traditional one in respect to the structural vibration control efficiency and robustness. The authors recently proposed a novel control system based on the non-conventional TMD concept, namely the column-in-column (CIC) system, which was composed of a primary column, a secondary column and a series of interconnected springs/dashpots. In this novel system, the secondary column connected to the primary one with springs/dashpots could act as a large TMD to attenuate adverse vibration of the primary structure, and its control effectiveness was preliminarily verified through numerical investigations. However, the control robustness was found not sufficient based on the existing optimal formulae in the literature for CIC optimization. This paper presents a new design method for optimizing the CIC system for better harnessing its control effectiveness and robustness in reducing structural response. The CIC system consists of two columns with distributed mass and uniform flexural rigidity, connected by springs along the column height. The effective modal mass and modal stiffness of a specific vibration mode of the system can be straightforwardly calculated by using the Euler-Bernoulli beam theory. Considering the fundamental vibration mode of the system as the target response mode for vibration control, the multiple degree-of-freedom (DOF) CIC is simplified into a two DOF with three springs (2DOF3S) structural model, the design parameters, i.e., the optimal tuning frequency ratio and damping ratio of this system are derived to minimize the displacement response of the primary structure. To demonstrate the proposed design method, the effectiveness and robustness of the CIC system in controlling seismic induced structural vibrations are assessed in both the frequency and time domains. Results show that the derived optimum formulae are applicable for optimizing the TMD system with consideration of the distributed mass and deformation of the mass damper, i.e., a column in this study. The optimized CIC system has good control robustness even if the CIC is mistuned with its design parameters deviate from the optimal values by ±50 %. The conventional TMD system with lumped mass as the mass damper is a special case of the proposed CIC system. The optimized CIC system has favorable control efficiency in mitigating the seismic responses of structures with reduction ratios averagely varying within the range of 15 % ∼ 55 % with a probability of 92.67 %. It is concluded that the proposed method is reliable and can be used for the optimum design and control of the CIC system.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109497
JournalInternational Journal of Mechanical Sciences
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2024


  • 2DOF3S model
  • CIC system
  • Frequency and seismic responses
  • Non-conventional TMD
  • Optimal control
  • Vibration mitigation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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