Optimisation of Nd-YAG laser welding of superduplex stainless steel by parameter design

W. M. Yip, Hau Chung Man, W. H. Ip

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Many researchers have found the welding of superduplex stainless steel UNS S32760 (Zeron 100) by high power CO2laser to be an unacceptable process, because the austenite/ferrite (γ/α) ratio in the laser weld bead normally deviates significantly from the optimum balance of 50:50. To date, the best γ/α ratio in a laser weld reported in the published literature was ∼30:70. The high percentage of ferrite would result in lower strength and poor corrosion properties. The present investigation was aimed at achieving a near 50:50 γ/α ratio laser weld using the Nd-YAG laser. These lasers have more process parameters that can be varied, compared to CO2lasers. Three different kinds of output power waveform, continuous, sine, and square waves, together with many other parameters, were investigated. The Taguchi method was used for parameter design, to reduce the number of experiments. Based on the Taguchi approach, optimum process parameters were determined and laser weld beads that consisted of 55 :45 γ/α were achieved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)226-232
Number of pages7
JournalScience and Technology of Welding and Joining
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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