Optimal planning of electricity-gas coupled coordination hub considering large-scale energy storage

Wennan Zhuang, Suyang Zhou, Wei Gu, Shixing Ding, Shuai Lu, Tongtong Zhang, Yulong Ding, C. C. Chan, Suhan Zhang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Large-scale long-duration energy storage (LDES), like compressed air energy storage (CAES) and liquid air energy storage (LAES), is promising for high-penetration renewable energy consumption in the city-scale integrated energy system (IES). Due to high installation costs and challenges in decentralized control of distributed energy storage, this paper proposes an optimal planning model for an urban electricity-gas coordination hub (UEGCH) with centralized energy storage using large-scale LDES. Firstly, the UEGCH with energy cascade utilization is designed, where process-based linearized models of advanced adiabatic compressed air energy storage (AACAES) and LAES are established to make a trade-off between solving accuracy and speed. Then, a city-scale integrated electricity and gas system (IEGS) is constructed with multiple regions considering line-packing. Finally, a multi-scenario planning method is proposed based on X-means for scenario reduction, and the global optimum is obtained through linearization. Results show that compared with traditional gas storage tank (GST) in the UEGCH, the utilization of AACAES and LAES requires as little as 7 % and 0.7 % of the construction volume with lower carbon emissions and can be cost-competitive in terms of future advancement. As for different EESs, in contrast to the energy-based energy storage (EBES) (i.e., battery (BT)), the levelized cost of energy (LCOE) of the capacity-based energy storage (CBES), which includes AACAES and LAES, can be reduced by nearly 0.1 $/kWh, bringing an annual economic benefit of $ 3 million. Besides, the discharge duration of CBES can be increased to 13 h, demonstrating the application prospect in 100 % renewable consumption and islanding operation. Compared with AACAES, LAES can reach 11.67 times the energy density, with a drop of 6.11 % in operating cost. The abilities of EBES and CBES to locally consume renewables are respectively weaker and stronger than that of power-to-gas (P2G) combined with line-packing. Meanwhile, this paper further analyzes the impacts of temperature, discharge duration, renewable penetration, energy tariff, and demand on the operation and sizing of centralized energy storage.

Original languageEnglish
Article number117917
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2024
Externally publishedYes


  • Advanced adiabatic compressed air energy storage
  • Energy cascade utilization
  • Large-scale long-duration energy storage
  • Liquid air energy storage
  • Multi-scenario planning
  • Urban electricity-gas coordination hub

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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