Optimal Mileage Based AGC Dispatch of a GenCo

Xiaoshun Zhang, Zhao Xu, Tao Yu, Bo Yang, Haizhu Wang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

76 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents a new real-time optimal mileage based dispatch (OMD) algorithm for a generating company (GenCo) responding to the automatic generation control (AGC) dispatch signals in real time in context of a performance-based frequency regulation market. Distinguished from traditional methods, the proposed method innovatively incorporates the mileage based regulation service compensation criterion in dispatching multiple units to maximize the Genco's total profit. In addition, the proposed method adopts the model predictive control (MPC) framework to effectively address the real-time OMD given dynamic variations of AGC signals between adjacent dispatch intervals to further improve GenCo's profit. The effectiveness of the proposed method is thoroughly tested using the Hainan power grid as part of China Southern Power Grid (CSG) considering various operation scenarios, where a performance-based frequency regulation market is under implementation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8959292
Pages (from-to)2516-2526
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Systems
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020


  • automatic generation control
  • mileage payment
  • model predictive control
  • Optimal mileage based dispatch
  • performance-based frequency regulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Optimal Mileage Based AGC Dispatch of a GenCo'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this