Optimal loading of double-stack container trains

Amit Upadhyay, Weihua Gu, Nomesh Bolia

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


We analyze the practical importance of multiple objectives reported in the literature and formulate two new objectives: maximizing profit and minimizing tardiness. The model accounts for containers of different types, weights, and heights, and their feasible loading combinations on a wagon satisfying real operational constraints. The model is solved optimally by CPLEX after exploiting the problem specific properties. A decision support system based on this optimization model has been deployed by a major train operator in India. Numerical cases show that our model can reduce the container haulage cost by about 3%.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-22
Number of pages22
JournalTransportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2017


  • Container trains
  • Decision support system
  • Heuristics
  • Indian Railways
  • Intermodal transport

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Transportation


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