Optimal and robust control of outdoor ventilation airflow rate for improving energy efficiency and IAQ

Shengwei Wang, Xinhua Xu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)


Combining demand-controlled ventilation (DCV) and economizer control can achieve adequate and even better indoor air quality with minimum cooling/heating energy consumption in buildings. The control instability during the transition processes between different control modes is among the major difficulties faced when combining DCV control with economizer control in applications. The practical energy benefit is another concern when using free cooling in the subtropical climate like Hong Kong. A robust control strategy, using "freezing", gain scheduling, I-term reset and feedback transition control for different transition processes, is developed addressing the instability problems. The energy benefit of using economizer control is evaluated by over one year's comparison tests on two air-handling units in a building.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)763-773
Number of pages11
JournalBuilding and Environment
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2004


  • Demand-controlled ventilation
  • Economizer
  • Energy efficiency
  • Indoor air quality
  • Robust control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Building and Construction

Cite this