High-quality ZnS:Mn thin films have been deposited on (001)Si substrates at various temperatures using pulsed laser deposition. Their structural properties were characterized by x-ray diffraction. Optical studies by spectroscopic ellipsometry, optical transmittance, and photoluminescence measurements were systematically carried out on all film samples. In the analysis of the measured SE spectra, a modified double-layer Sellmeier model was adopted to represent the optical properties of the ZnS:Mn films. In this model, the films were assumed to consist of two layers - a bottom bulk ZnS:Mn layer and a surface layer composed of bulk ZnS:Mn as well as void. Good agreement was obtained between the measured spectra and the model calculations. Changes in the refractive indices of the ZnS:Mn films as a function of growth temperature were investigated. The PL and absorption measurements revealed that the orange-yellow emission band at ∼590nm and the absorption edge at ∼370nm upshifted to shorter wavelengths for films deposited at higher substrate temperatures. These results imply that the energy gap of the ZnS:Mn films increases with growth temperature. The observed changes of optical properties in these films are correlated to their structural qualities.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)